Filling the cavity is a method of treating mechanically damaged or decayed teeth. Cavity filling is divided into direct and indirect. Direct cavity filling means that the filling material is inserted directly into the tooth. The indirect filling, made outside the patient’s mouth, is an Onlay, inlay, or overlay.
1.Stages Of Cavity Filling
Cosmetic dentistry requires two steps to treat teeth:
preparing the tooth for filling, i.e. removing the damaged tissue,
Sometimes, when preparing tooth tissues for filling, local anesthesia is indicated for better patient comfort. The type of filling is agreed with the patient in advance.
2.Types Of Cavity Fillings In Dentistry
The dentist decides what is best to fill in a given cavity. And if it deviates from the standards, it is agreed with the patient.
There are different types of fillings in dentistry:
- inlays or Onlays,
Amalgams are metal alloys that contain mercury. Due to the mercury content, some consider them dangerous. However, the released amounts of mercury are traceable. They are not used in pregnant women, children, and people with kidney problems.
A composite is a type of material that is cured with a curing lamp. These are resins that easily bond with the tooth’s tissues. They can be of different colors, and the appropriate shade is selected by the dentist. When filling the cavity with composite, several layers of material can be used. They are less durable than amalgams, but on the other hand more aesthetic. The durability of this type of seal is estimated at 3-10 years. The disadvantage is, unfortunately, their susceptibility to discoloration caused by smoking or drinking coffee. They are preferred in the front teeth. Composites are also used to make veneers. Composite resins can be chemically cured or light-cured.
Cement is currently used for small cavities or to rebuild the necks of the teeth. They attach to the tooth exceptionally well but wear too easily. They are only white in color, which is why they are used to fill only milk teeth.
The metals used in dentistry are usually gold, platinum, titanium, and their alloys. They are more expensive than other fillings. Implants are made of titanium. Metal fillings are fixed with cement. They are very durable, the maintenance time is up to 20 years. They are used to fill large cavities.
These are fillings prepared to order individually for the patient. They are fixed with cement. Before ordering such a restoration, it is required to make an impression of the tooth with special masses, and then it is sent to the prosthetic laboratory for this restoration.
With the current level of medicine and dentistry, as well as with newer and more effective methods of treatment, a visit to the dentist’s can be a pleasant experience. When we feel that something disturbing is happening to our teeth – let’s not wait, just visit the dentist’s office.
It is also important to take preventative measures. It is recommended that you visit the dentist every six months and practice good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth at least three times a day after meals, flossing, and using mouthwash.
If you’d like more information or advice on how to get the perfect smile, please contact us.